giovedì 25 agosto 2016

BOLOGNA pt. 3 - BOLOGNA'S CUISINE

Hi! I think this will be the best part (or, at least, the tastiest). In fact, I will talk about Bologna's cuisine, that's one of the best in Italy.
Here, you'll find just four of the most appreciated and known food of Bologna.




The "Ragù Bolognese"
Ragù is a word that has French roots, used to indicate a meat and tomato based sauce. In the ingredients, we find the beef meat, that is the most important. Furthermore, with the meat, we have the lard, it has been replaced by the extra-virgin olive oil. In the original recipe, there was the milk too, but it isn't used anymore. The perfect match with the tagliatelle or the lasagne.








Tagliatelle
In theory, tagliatelle were invented for the marriage of Lucrezia Borgia in 1487, by the court chef, taking inpiration by the long blond hair of Lucrezia. But this legend was invented by the illustrator and humorist from Bologna Augusto Majani in 1931.





Tortellini
According to the legend, tortellini were created by the landlord "Guercio e Bolognese" (Blind and from Bologna), taking inspiration from the belly-button of Venus or of Lucrezia Borgia. The recipe of tortellini has been registered in 1974, and the ingredients are: a puff pastry made of flour and eggs and a filling made of: pig, prosciutto, mortadella of Bologna, Parmigiano Reggiano, eggs and nutmeg. The tradition calls for tortellini cooked and eaten in a good chicken stock.





Mortadella
Mortadella di Bologna IGP is registered on the basis of well precise characteristics. It has been the same for ages, but in the Middle Ages some spices were added.





Well, the "Bologna series" ends. Hope you'll like these type of articles. Let me know.
First part: Sanctuary of San Luca.
Second part: The city of towers.
Second (.5) part: The city of towers (2.5)







martedì 23 agosto 2016

BOLOGNA pt. 2.5 - THE CITY OF TOWERS

After the first part of the article, here I go with telling you other interesting things in Bologna.

PIAZZA DEL NETTUNO
Very close to Piazza Maggiore, we find the Piazza del Nettuno, famous for its Fontana del Nettuno. This square was created by demolishing older, little edifices in 1564. Unfortunatly, when I went there, the fountain was closed for restoration.












Always on this fantastic square of Bologna, we can find the Sala della Borsa, that earlier was the headquartes of the municipality of Bologna. Under the ground floor, it is possible to see the ancient Roman ruins, that are visitable too. Since 1926 to circa 1950, it was used as a Stock Exchange. and then, it became a an indoor sports arena. Starting from 2001, it houses the principal library of Bologna.







BASILICA DI SANTO STEFANO
At 5 minutes walking by Piazza Maggiore, we find the Basilica di Santo Stefano, maybe the most charming holy complex of edifices in Bologna. It is built like the Santca Jerusalem, or rather the recreation of the holy places in Jerusalem.
This cathedral was founded by the saint patron of Bologna, Petronio, at the beginning of the V century A.C..

Inside, in the second poligonal church, we have the grave of San Petronio, who was the bishop of Bologna from 431 to 450.This maginficent work of art have seven churches, that now are just four, due to the restoration that took place at the end of XIX century and the beginning of XX century.










These are the monuments I saw in Bologna. I know, it's not a lot, but I reccomend you to catch the City RedBus, an hop-on hop-off tour of the city with a bus or even a little train.





I hope you'll like this "Bologna series", and here you can find the first part and the second one.

domenica 21 agosto 2016

BOLOGNA pt. 2 - THE CITY OF TOWERS

Well... The second article of the "Bologna series" (here the first part) is going to talk about the city of Bologna and what I saw there.

A panoramic view of the city with the Torre degli Asinelli.
(Sorry for the quality)
A LITTLE TASTE OF HISTORY
The area of Bologna has been occupied since the III millenium B.C. During the VII-VI century B.C, some Etruscans people brought cultural and artistic models and called this area Felsina, and, then, Romans conquered it in 196 B.C.
During the Middle Ages, more precisely in 1088, the most ancient University in Europe was founded and Bologna was better known as "La Dotta" (the erudite).
City walls were built too, but, at the beginning of the XX century, they were destroyed, because of the construction of boulevards and, only the city gateways survived.

PLACES TO SEE


The entrance of the Giardino della Montagnola (1896) with the ruins of the ancient gateway.
The most characteristic park in Bologna is the Giardino della Montagnola, that was opened for the first time in the XVII century. It is situated at the north of Bologna's old town centre, near the railway station, where once there was a palace that had to host the Pope. It was destroyed by the population.

Walking by the Giardino across Piazza VIII Giugno and going along on Via dell'Indipendenza, you will get to the most famous square in Bologna: Piazza Maggiore.
Here, you will find the Basilica di San Petronio, known all over the world for its facade. In fact, it is divided in two parts: the first made by marble, the second in brick. This fantastic creation belongs to the Italian Gothic style.


The interior is both powerfull and so holy. It has 3 naves, with the central one that leads you to the majestic altar.


On the sides, we have 22 chapels that conserve the same amount of works of art. Here some example:

The birth of Christ


WARNING! WARNING! WARNING! WARNING! WARNING!
If you want to take photos in the interior, you must pay 2€! Don't worry, this MASTERPIECE deserves them.


Well, the second part of "Bologna series" finishes. In 2 days, I'll post the 2.5 part, where I'll talk about the Piazza del Nettuno, Basilica of Santo Stefano and the Towers!














venerdì 19 agosto 2016

BOLOGNA pt. 1 - SANCTUARY OF SAN LUCA

Hi people!

As you know, I've been recently in Bologna for an excursion, I visited the Sanctuary of San Luca, at just 2 km from Bologna, and so, I'm going to tell you something this little jewel.

The road to get to San Luca.
The Sanctuary of the Madonna di San Luca is situated on a hill nearby Bologna, 289 metres above sea level.
It is reachable both by car or by walk, starting from Porta Saragozza through a long and typical porticoed path, that is almost 4 km long.

THE STRUCTURE - The exterior
The Sanctuary belong to the Baroque period, as you can see from the dynamic shapes and volumes. On the top there is a big dome with a lantern. 
The facade, that not covers all the behind shapes, is formed by the jutting part modelled on the pronao's classical shapes. Linked to the facade's sides, the portico has two curvilinear wings that hold the large square and that conlude themselves with two pentagonal tribunes.
The entry portal is flanked by the statues of San Luca and San Marco, created by Bernardino Cametti in 1716.
The old monastery and the bell tower are mixed in the meridional side of the Sanctuary.



THE STRUCTURE - The interior
The interior is characterized by an elliptical plant where the Greek cross is inserted. On the top of the presbitery there is the icon of the Vergine col Bambino.
Between the works you can find inside, there are the altarpieces of:
Donato Creti - L'incoronazione della Vergine/La Vergine e i Santi Patroni di Bologna (the Coronation of the Virgin/The Virgin and the Patron Saints of Bologna);
Guido Reni - La Madonna del Rosario (the Virgin of the Rosary);
Guercino - Una versione del Cristo che appare alla Madre (a version of the Christ who appears to his Mother);
Domenico Pestrini.























The frescos are made by Vittorio Maria Bigari and Giuseppe Cassioli. The stuccos are made by Antonio Borrello, Giovanni Calegari, with the statues made by Angelo Gabriello Piò.

THE EDIFICE
The edifice has been building since 1194, until the conclusion in 1765.
The most recent part is the result of a new intervent, more radical, in 1723, imposed by the contrast between the new major chapel and the rest of the constuction. Those works happened without disturbing the arrive of pilgrims: in fact, walls of the new compless were built surrounding the elder ones, that were later destroyed.
A wonderful view from the central door.
From 1931 to 1976, it was possible to reach the Sanctuary of San Luca by a panoramic funicular railway, tha has been abandoned in 1976.












This is the first of 3/4 articles I would write about Bologna in these days (here the second part).
Hope you'll like it, see you soon.

Matteo.






domenica 7 agosto 2016

VERONA - VIDEO






Hi people!
I made this video about Verona! Hope you like it.